Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 3415 READ. When your reading has a purpose, you have a reason to stay focused and your comprehension improves. To give your reading purpose, try turning each section heading into a question. For example, you could turn the heading, The Beatles change their image, into the question, “How did The Beatles change their image?” Keep your question in mind as you read, and at the end of the section, see if you can answer it. Questions give you something specific to look for and they help keep your mind from wandering. You are, therefore, able to remember more of what you read. The Beatles find success in the U.S. In 1964, The Beatles’ music was released in the United States. The sales were tremendous, breaking all previous records. The band came to New York in April, where screaming fans met them at the airport, and 70 million people watched them on the Ed Sullivan Show. Throughout the 1960’s The Beatles’ popularity grew. Their Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album was released in 1967 to unprec- edented critical acclaim. A series of creative, commercially successful albums followed. The Beatles go their separate ways By the end of 1968, the members of the group had begun to go in different directions. Paul McCartney continued to write “pop” melodies while George Harrison immersed himself in eastern spirituality. John Lennon grew more distant from the band as he grew closer to his wife, Yoko Ono. In April of 1970, McCartney released his first solo album and announced the end of The Beatles. Throughout the 1970’s, The Beatles’ music con- tinued to be popular, and they were constantly encouraged to reunite. Lennon’s death in 1980 put an end to any hope of a reunion. The Beatles were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988. Review Questions 1) Who discovered The Beatles? 2) What year did The Beatles start their re- cording career? When did they break up? 3) After their break up, did The Beatles ever reunite? Why or why not? The Beatles dominate the music industry The Beatles were a British rock group that dominated the rock and roll industry during the 1960’s. The Beatles had an enormous impact on music. They were, in fact, the single most important component in the creation of the modern day “pop” culture. The four members of this dynamic group were Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, George Har- rison and John Lennon. Their playful, yet ir- reverent public image captured the imagination of an entire generation. The Beatles get their start in Liverpool In the summer of 1957, John Lennon and Paul McCartney began playing together in Liver- pool, England. Later that year, Paul invited guitar player George Harrison to join the group. The band was becoming popular around the area and was booked to play a series of concerts in Hamburg, Germany. The group perfected their musical skills in the Hamburg beerhalls playing standard American rock and roll songs. The Beatles change their image On returning from Hamburg, The Beatles were discovered by Brian Epstein. As their manager, Epstein changed the image of the group by exchanging their black leather jackets and tight jeans for collarless suits. He also gave them a new style of haircut. In 1962, Epstein got The Beatles their first recording contract. Shortly before entering the studio, drummer Ringo Starr was added to the group. The early Beatles recordings were instantly successful, and soon the band was headlining tours. Best Selling Beatles’ Albums (in millions) The White Album 16 Best of 67 - 70 14 Best of 62 - 66 13 Abbey Road 11 Sgt. Pepper 10 The Beatles